The Writing Process — Tennessee Valor (Sickness in First Campaign)

Posted on Saturday, January 29th, 2011

By the end of the war 84 men in the 7th Tennessee had died of sickness.

The Writing Process – Tennessee Valor (Sickness in the first campaign)

The 7th Tennessee Regiment left Tennessee and the Confederate War department immediately sent them up into the mountains of what is now West Virginia. Here, along with other Confederate units, the 7th Tennessee experienced the disaster of an unprepared army facing both the enemy, and the elements.

The constant rain in August and September 1861 stranded the Tennesseans high in the mountains, their supply wagons mired in muddy roads, far away. The citizen-soldiers had scant protection from the weather; no rain gear, few tents, and hardly any rations. As one Tennessean wrote, “it has been exceedingly wet again—has rained all day, making the roads worse…the elements are hard to conquer.” Another 7th Tennessean recorded, “Cooped up as we are, we can go neither forward nor backward; without anything to eat and our men falling with sickness every day.”

The end result was an onslaught of illness. Colonel Hatton noted in late September that over 200 men in his regiment were on sick call. And then sadly, the unprepared soldiers began to die. In August, 4 soldiers died of illness; in September, 12; and in October, 9 more were buried.

The following is a list of 7th Tennesseans who died of sickness in August, September, and October 1861:

Date Name Rank Unit DOB Comments
8/8/61 William Johnson Pvt. Co. F 1835 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
8/13/61 Leroy Perkins Pvt. Co. K 1842 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
8/19/61 William Martin 2nd Lt. Co. D 1837 Disease -Tuberculosis
8/30/61 Elijah Grier Pvt. Co. I 1834 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/4/61 William Trousdale Pvt. Co. A 1838 Disease – Measles
9/11/61 William Jetton Pvt. Co. I 1843 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/11/61 Robert Taylor 1st Sgt Co. E 1832 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/11/61 Mathew Hearn Pvt. Co. D 1846 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/14/61 Thomas Green Pvt. Co. D 1843 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/15/61 Jasper Compton Pvt. Co. A 1838 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/15/61 Levi McGuffey Pvt. Co. A 1828 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/15/61 Rolly Organ Pvt. Co. H 1838 Disease – Measles
9/16/61 Andrew Dugger Cpl. Co. E 1843 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/17/61 Daniel Corley Pvt. Co. B 1837 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/25/61 Martin Van Buren Coe Pvt. Co. A 1841 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
9/27/61 George Dillon Pvt. Co. E 1822 Disease- Chronic dysentery
10/1/61 William Graves Pvt. Co. E 1826 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/5/61 Hardy Hearn Pvt. Co. D 1825 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/8/61 Martin Craddock Pvt. Co. F 1842 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/12/61 Wiley Poole Pvt. Co. G 1841 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/15/61 John Neal Pvt. Co. I 1837 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/15/61 Thomas R. Hale Pvt. Co. K 1838 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/22/61 Allen Garrett Pvt. Co. E 1833 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/24/61 Robert Freeman Pvt. Co. D 1839 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
10/28/61 William Woodrum Pvt. Co. G 1838 Disease-Pneumonia / dysentery
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