Tennessee Valor — The battle of Seven Pines Casualty Analysis

Posted on Saturday, October 22nd, 2011

The 7th Tennessee suffered 157 killed and wounded during the battle of Seven Pines.

Battle of Seven Pines Casualty Analysis

The 7th Tennessee suffered 157 recorded casualties (wounded or killed) at the battle of Seven Pines (5/31/1862). A quick analysis of the body locations will reveal a hint at the nature of the destruction caused by Federal bullets.

Of the 157 injuries 22 proved to be fatal. That is almost a one-to-seven ratio of killed-to-wounded. One would suspect these 22 Tennesseans who died were struck by Yank lead in one of three locations; the head (brain), the chest (heart) region, or an artery which then caused unstoppable bleeding.

Of these 157 injuries, as recorded by the Richmond Dispatch on June 9, 1862, 36 wounds were identified without reference to location, leaving us with 98 woundings in which the body site of injury was noted.

Tennesseans suffered 4 foot or ankle wounds, thus demonstrating that Northern soldiers did not aim low.

The legs, thighs, knees, and hips were struck 26 times, proving that standing upright was tremendously dangerous.

The bowels, back, side, and breast sustained only 6 wounds, meaning; if a person took a bullet in these areas they were more apt to be killed than to live.

The shoulders, arms, wrists and hands, all parts of one’s body, high up and prone to be risked by musket-loading activities (and too far from any health-critical location), received 37 wounds.

And finally, the neck, head, face, mouth, and jaw also were severely impacted; suffering 26 injuries, demonstrating that Union riflemen did fire high, or allowed their weapon’s kick to throw their sights upwards.

One last note; 11 Tennesseans suffered double wounds (two separate locations being struck).

Below is the casualty list as posted by the Richmond Dispatch on June 9, 1862:

Seven Pines (May 31, 1862)

Casualty List

“The Daily Dispatch: Further reports of casualties,” Richmond Dispatch, June 9, 1862

 

Name

Rank

Comment

Staff

Howard, George A.

Adj.

Wounded; arm, slightly

Staff

Bostick, Abram

Sgt. Maj.

Missing

Co. A

Driver, George W.

Cpl.

Killed

Co. A

Varnatta, James

Pvt.

Killed

Co. A

Garrison, John

Pvt.

Killed

Co. A

Mason, Philip J.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. A

Nix, John G.

Pvt.

Wounded

Co. A

Dowell, Jonathan

Cpt.

Wounded; arm, severely

Co. A

Sandlin, Isaac

Cpl.

Wounded; both arms, slightly

Co A

Davis, Thomas

Pvt.

Wounded; thigh, severely

Co. A

Sneed, Thomas J.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, slightly

Co. A

Johnson, John

Pvt.

Wounded; thigh and arm, slightly

Co. A

H (?)

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. A

Moore, Theodore

Pvt.

Wounded; foot

Co. A

Newsom, James R.

Pvt.

Wounded

Co. A

Sewell, Daniel W.

Pvt.

Missing [Killed]

Co. A

Martin, Joseph J.

Pvt.

Missing [Captured]

Co. A

Griffin, William C.

Pvt.

Missing [Captured]

Co. B

Dawson, John

Pvt.

Killed

Co. B

Allen, John

Cpt.

Wounded; neck and thigh (not dangerous)

Co. B

Timberlake, Frank A.

2d Lt.

Wounded; head and back (not dangerous)

Co. B

Beasley, Henry W.

Pvt.

Wounded; hand, severely

Co. B

Mitchell, Henry A.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. B

Boulton, John D.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. B

Duke, Samuel J.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. B

Gibbs, Frederick

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Ingram, Cassius V.

2d Lt.

Killed

Co. C

Hubbard, James C.

Cpl.

Killed

Co. C

Walker, William W.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. C

Buck, Madison

Pvt.

Wounded

Co. C

Lovell, Joseph

Pvt.

Wounded

Co. C

Fry, John D.

Cpt.

Wounded; wrist, severely

Co. C

Jackson, Bailey P.

Sgt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Woodall, Thomas C.

Sgt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Buck, James K.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Baber, Joseph G.

Pvt.

Wounded; leg and shoulder, severely

Co. C

Campbell, George C.

Pvt.

Wounded; both thighs, severely

Co. C

Clendenning, James C.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Clark, Edward G.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Elliott, William S.

Pvt.

Wounded; head, severely

Co. C

Elliott, James K.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Faidley, Edward

Pvt.

Wounded; head, severely

Co. C

Jennett, David

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. C

Love, James B.

Pvt.

Wounded; ankle, severely

Co. C

Lewis, John

Pvt.

Wounded; hand

Co. C

Rutherford, Benjamin

Pvt.

Wounded; leg, badly

Co. C

Turnage, James W.

Pvt.

Wounded; thigh, severely

Co. D

Tribble, Haney

Pvt.

Killed

Co. D

Wormack, John A.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. D

Helleman, George H.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. D

Walsh, Marcus L.

Cpt.

Wounded; face, slightly

Co. D

Harris, Hart

1st Sgt

Wounded; thigh, badly

Co. D

Hearn, Thomas

Sgt.

Wounded; head, badly

Co. D

Jennings, Samuel K.

Cpl.

Wounded; slightly

Co. D

Webster, John H.

Cpl.

Wounded; thigh, badly

Co. D

Hearn, James L.

Pvt.

Wounded; thigh, badly

Co. D

Chamberlain, Foster F.

Pvt.

Wounded; thigh, slightly

Co. D

Hughes, Robert C.

Pvt.

Wounded; neck, badly

Co. D

Hawkins, William T.

Pvt.

Wounded; fingers

Co. D

Graves, James P.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, badly

Co. D

Williams, John

Pvt.

Wounded; breast, badly

Co. D

Evitts, Wm. Frank

Pvt.

Wounded; head, slightly

Co. D

Bullard, Thomas W.

Pvt.

Wounded; head, slightly

Co. D

Hunter, Burchett, R.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder and arm

Co. D

Watkins, Zarah

Pvt.

Wounded; mouth, badly

Co. D

Watkins, James T.

Pvt.

Wounded; foot, slightly

Co. E

Franklin, James

Cpt.

Wounded; arm, slightly

Co. E

Hurt, Marcus L.

Pvt.

Wounded; chin, slightly

Co. E

Kirkpatrick, William A.

Pvt.

Wounded; face, severely

Co. E

Elam, Daniel W.

Pvt.

Missing [wounded]

Co. F

Purcell, Henry W.

Pvt.

Wounded; left hand

Co. F

Jennings, Thomas L.

3rd Lt.

Wounded; arm, badly

Co. F

Bland, Marion L.

Pvt.

Wounded; hip, badly

Co. F

Dunn, George W.

Pvt.

Wounded; face, slightly

Co. F

Lewis, George W.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, badly

Co. F

Sanders, John R.

Pvt.

Wounded; head, slightly

Co. F

Stroud, James R.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm, slightly

Co. F

Webb, George W.

Pvt.

Wounded; left hand

Co. F

Turner, Jeremiah

Pvt.

Wounded; hand

Co. F

Hardwick, Thomas J.

Pvt.

Wounded and missing [Killed]

Co. F

Jones, William

Pvt.

Wounded and missing

Co. G

Rice, James T.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. G

Sullivan, Benjamin F.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Davis, William H.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, slightly

Co. G

Foster, Andrew J.

Pvt.

Wounded; jaw

Co. G

Robbins, William H.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Sullivan, William H.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Young, Peter B.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Quesenberry, William J.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Huddleston, George W.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Edwards, John B.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. G

Curry, Benjamin F.

Cpl.

Wounded; chin

Co. G

Simmons, Calvin J.

Pvt.

Wounded and missing [Killed]

Co. G

Edwards, Eaton

Pvt.

Wounded and missing [Killed]

Co. G

Hutchens, Lafayette

Pvt.

Wounded and missing [Captured]

Co. H

Buford, Thomas E.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. H

Doak, Rufus P.

1st Lt.

Wounded; thigh

Co. H

Allison, Andrew

3rd Lt.

Wounded; hip, slightly

Co. H

Major, Samuel D.

Sgt.

Wounded; head, slightly

Co. H

Thompson, George A.

Cpl.

Wounded; head, slightly

Co. H

Beard, Richard

Pvt.

Wounded; both legs

Co. H

Beard, Joseph P.

Pvt.

Wounded; leg, severely and missing [Killed]

Co. H

Hamilton, David D.

Pvt.

Wounded; head

Co. H

Harlin, Samuel

Pvt.

Wounded; neck and jaw, severely

Co. H

Morris, Wilburn

Pvt.

Wounded; left hand

Co. H

Manson, Henry W.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm and head

Co. H

Stratton, James E.

Pvt.

Wounded; hip, severely

Co. H

Patton, James T.

Pvt.

Wounded; neck, slightly

Co. H

Taylor, Robert R.

Pvt.

Wounded; side and leg, severely

Co. H

Wormack, Robert

Pvt.

Wounded; side, slightly

Co. H

Reeves, John W.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. H

Blair, Henry H.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. H

Holloway, Thomas

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. I

Eatherly, Pleasant M.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. I

McClain, Alfred

Pvt.

Killed

Co. I

Vaughan, DeJohnson

Pvt.

Killed

Co. I

Curd, William E.

Cpt.

Wounded; shoulder, slightly

Co. I

Vivrette, John W.

3rd Lt.

Wounded; hand

Co. I

Young, John R.

Sgt.

Wounded; leg and missing [Killed]

Co. I

Clemens, John W.

Sgt.

Wounded; head

Co. I

Baird, William C.

Pvt.

Wounded; leg

Co. I

Bryant, Ezekial

Pvt.

Wounded; hand

Co. I

Curd, John T.

Pvt.

Wounded; bowels

Co. I

David, Richard T.

Pvt.

Wounded; leg

Co. I

Eatherly, John W.

Pvt.

Wounded; hand

Co. I

Hall, Andrew D.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm

Co. I

Harris, John T.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm

Co. I

Robison, Charles H.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder

Co. I

Sullivan, James A.

Pvt.

Wounded

Co. I

Sullivan, Benjamin S.

Pvt.

Wounded; leg

Co. I

Scoby, Joseph B.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm

Co. I

Sullivan, William B.

Pvt.

Wounded; side

Co. I

Tilford, James W.

Pvt.

Wounded; head

Co. I

Walpole, James L.

Pvt.

Wounded; foot

Co. I

Wilkerson, Albert V.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, severely

Co. I

Wilkerson, James W.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm

Co. I

Bass, Frank B.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. I

Jetton, James F.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, gravely

Co. K

Baird, Martin V.

1st Lt.

Wounded; hip, slightly

Co. K

Cartwright, John H.

Cpl.

Wounded; thigh

Co. K

Benson, Ales D.

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. K

Connelly, George W.

Pvt.

Wounded; head, severely

Co. K

Davenport, Joseph

Pvt.

Wounded; slightly

Co. K

Forbis, Samuel F.

Pvt.

Wounded; arm

Co. K

Johnson, Thomas H.

Pvt.

Wounded; severely

Co. K

Johnson, John R.

Pvt.

Wounded; shoulder, severely

Co. K

Riggans, Daniel N.

Pvt.

Wounded, slightly

Co. K

Peyton, John S.

Cpl.

Killed

Co. K

Rice, William P.

Pvt.

Killed

Co. K

Organ, Moses L.

Pvt.

Missing [Killed]

Co. K

Phillips, David

Pvt.

Missing [Captured]

Co. K

Weaver, James

Pvt.

Missing [Captured]

 

 

 

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